08 November, 2019, Abuja: Between the first of August to fifth of November 2019, Nigeria has skilled an upsurge in circumstances of yellow fever with 511 suspected circumstances in three states – 309 from Katsina, 162 from Bauchi, and 40 from Benue. Of the samples examined from these circumstances, 83 had been confirmed optimistic in Katsina (43), Bauchi (34) and Benue (6).
Because the starting of the 12 months, the Nigeria Centre for Illness Management (NCDC) and the Nationwide Major Well being Care Growth Company (NPHCDA) have been working with improvement companions to assist the states to forestall and cut back the variety of circumstances and deaths.
This 12 months, Katsina State has recorded 599 suspected circumstances, 43 confirmed circumstances and 77 deaths amongst suspected circumstances. A mass vaccination marketing campaign was carried out within the State in September 2019. Bauchi State has been reporting suspected circumstances of yellow fever largely in Alkaleri LGA. This 12 months, the State has recorded 183 suspected circumstances, 34 confirmed circumstances and 24 deaths amongst suspected circumstances. Following the outbreak in Alkaleri LGA, a reactive vaccination marketing campaign was carried out. Benue State has recorded 150 suspected circumstances, six confirmed circumstances and no loss of life in 2019. Vaccination campaigns have been carried out in three LGAs of the state this year- Vandekiya LGA in January 2019, Oju and Ado LGAs in September 2019.
In response to the rise in circumstances, a multi-agency yellow fever Emergency Operations Centre (EOC) was activated on the fifth of November 2019. Three Speedy Response Group (RRTs) have been deployed to Katsina, Bauchi and Benue this week to assist the outbreak response.
Working collectively, NPHCDA, NCDC and improvement companions not too long ago carried out yellow fever mass vaccination campaigns in Alkaleri LGA of Bauchi, two LGAs of Benue (Oju and Ado) and all of the LGAs in Katsina. All of the campaigns had been carried out between September and October 2019. In complete, yellow fever vaccination campaigns have been carried out in 13 of the 36 states in Nigeria and within the FCT.
Because the re-emergence of yellow fever in Nigeria in 2017, NCDC, NPHCDA and the Nationwide Arbovirus and Vector Analysis Centre (NAVRC) have been working collectively to assist states to analyze every case and reply to outbreaks.
Yellow fever virus is unfold by chunk of an contaminated mosquito. There isn’t any human-to-human transmission of the virus. Yellow fever is a totally vaccine-preventable illness and a single shot of the yellow fever vaccine protects for a lifetime. In Nigeria, vaccination in opposition to yellow fever is primarily by the routine childhood immunisation. The place mandatory, catch up campaigns are carried out to extend inhabitants immunity. The yellow fever vaccine is offered without cost in all major healthcare centres in Nigeria as a part of the routine childhood immunisation schedule. We encourage each household to make sure that kids obtain all their childhood vaccines.
In addition to the vaccine, the general public is suggested to maintain their atmosphere clear and freed from stagnant water to discourage the breeding of mosquitoes and make sure the constant use of insecticide handled mosquito nets, screens on home windows and doorways to forestall entry for mosquitoes. Particularly, hikers, park guests and other people engaged with actions within the wild are inspired to be vaccinated in opposition to yellow fever. It is very important keep away from self-medication; go to a well being facility instantly when you really feel ailing.
Healthcare employees and members of the general public are reminded that the signs of yellow fever embody yellowness of the eyes, sudden fever, headache and physique ache. If in case you have these signs or discover somebody in your neighborhood displaying them, please contact your nearest major healthcare centre.